Global Positioning System { GPS } in Surveying

Importance of Global Positioning System (GPS) in Civil Engineering Global Positioning System is a system developed by the US Department Of Defence (D.O.D) for military as well as Civil operations. The D.O.D sustains it. The Global Positioning System provides quickly, accurate and inexpensively to determine the time, position and velocity of any object on the … Read more Global Positioning System { GPS } in Surveying

Plane Table Surveying : Advantages & Disadvantages

Plane Table Surveying Plane Table Surveying is one of the most rapid method of surveying. The plane table is an instrument used for surveying by a graphical method in which the field work and plotting are done simultaneously. The main advantage of plane table surveying is that the topographic features to be mapped are in … Read more Plane Table Surveying : Advantages & Disadvantages

Workability of Concrete & Factors Affecting It

What is Workability of Concrete ? The term ‘Workability of Concrete’ is defined as the property of freshly mixed concrete which determines the ease and homogeneity with which it can be mixed placed, consolidated and finished. An ideal water-cement ratio alone is not going to give maximum strength. 100% compaction of concrete is an important … Read more Workability of Concrete & Factors Affecting It